Greetings to all and sundry,
It is another beautiful day today and we are excited and please to come your way once again this week with another one of our lessons on ocular health. In our previous writeup, we started a lesson on inflammatory conditions of the eye and we started with conjunctivitis.
Today we want to continue that lesson by looking at another condition of the anterior eye known as keratitis. Before we begin though, we do hope that you our dear readers and supporters are having a wonderful time and enjoying life. Do stay safe now that a whole new strain of the covid virus is in circulation and seems to be deadlier than the previous.
Keratitis is another name for inflammation of the cornea and it is quite a disturbing condition because the cornea is one of the most sensitive organs or tissue within the entire body anything affecting it is extremely painful and all.
Keratitis causes the vision to also become blurred because the cornea is one of the major refractive components of the eye and its transparency allows light to pass through into the eye for the retina to undergo the phototransduction process enabling us to see.
When the cornea gets inflamed its integrity is affected and aqueous from the anterior chamber diffuses or leaks into it, this causes it to lose its transparency becoming more or less cloudy and or translucent. Your optometrist may also notice under the slit lamp something we call KPs or Keratic precipitates which form as a result of cells coming together on the corneal endothelium.
You may not be able to diagnose or foresee this one however the extreme pain will get you to see the Doctor. The most important thing to note is that if you are experiencing pain and blurred vision with your eye then it is some form of inflammation going on and keratitis is a possible diagnosis which means see your OD as soon as possible
Signs and Symptoms
The most common symptoms as already discussed would be;
- Redness of the eye
- Extreme sensitivity to light
- Blurred vision (Drastically reduced vision)
The signs well they may include;
- Cloudy cornea
- Fundus not visible with ophthalmoscopy
Management / Conclusion
The best way to deal with this is to tackle the inflammation with steroids so long as the cornea epithelium hasn't been breached or compromised in any way. Your optometrist will give you the best way to go about this. Any additional drops may be given at the discretion of your healthcare provider and the symptoms you may have presented.
Please note that Keratitis is one of the dangerous ones and thus if you notice any of these things discussed please don't hesitate to seek immediate help or care before things escalate. We thank you for your time and for reading this and we wish you the very best. Stay safe.