Real life science stories area unit generally scarier and weirder than Frankenstein. in spite of however absurd and nonmeaningful they sound, scientists did truly try and produce animals that glow within the dark, and that they even tried to stay 2 dog heads along. Here area unit ten of these unconventional cases within the history of science.
1. The Mouse With A Human Ear
The Vacanti Mouse was a research laboratory mouse that was a part of a study in 1997, during which the gnawing animal had what appeared like a person's ear fully grown on its back.
The ear on the mouse was truly made from a perishable chemical compound frame, supported that of a 3-year-old kid. Once beneath the skin of the mouse, gristle was able to grow into the form of associate degree ear victimization chondrocytes – gristle cells from a cow.
It was meant as an illustration of a way to grow tissue-engineered gristle. However, it became acculturation in associate degree era before memes, by current through chain emails and water-cooler conversations with individuals command in disbelief. An equally strange experiment has since been conducted in a very 2013 study.
2. The Soviet Surgeon And His Two-Headed Dog
Born in 1918, simply when the Russian Revolution, Vladimir Demikhov was a Soviet human UN agency experimented with transplants on animals from the Thirties till the Nineteen Sixties. though he's currently considered somewhat of a pioneer, his ghastly experiments on dogs have left a stain on his name. Most notable were his makes an attempt to graft 2 dogs along.
His operation seamed the forearms and head of tiny 9-year-old dog named Shavka to a bigger stray dog known as Brodyaga, that interprets to “Tramp.” The operation concerned severance the jugular, the aorta, and spine of Shavka, then linking her vascular system to Brodyaga's body.
The two heads might eat and drink on an individual basis, though each canine died four days later. withal, Demikhov tried this experiment dozens and dozens of times on completely different subjects.
Reporting on this story in 1959 with a good dose of skepticism and worry, Life Magazine said: “The Russians UN agency created the two-head dog square measure currently considering an individual's transplant: putting a brand new leg on a lady UN agency lost her own.” it's not believed this operation went ahead. However, in his time, Demikhov did conjointly do transplants.
3. Project MKUltra
Project MKUltra – typically brought up because the CIA's mind management program – is the code name given to a program of experiments on human subjects, occasionally unlawful, designed and undertaken by us Central intelligence. Experiments on humans were supposed to spot and develop medicine and procedures to be employed in interrogations and torture, so as to weaken the individual to force confessions through mind management.
MKUltra used varied methodologies to control people's mental states and alter brain functions, as well as the surreptitious administration of medicine (especially LSD) and alternative chemicals, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, isolation, verbal and statutory offense, likewise as alternative sorts of psychological torture.
The scope of Project MKUltra was broad, with analysis undertaken at eighty establishments, as well as forty-four schools and universities, likewise as hospitals, prisons, and pharmaceutical firms. The Central Intelligence Agency operated through these establishments victimization front organizations, though typically prime officers at these establishments were attentive to the CIA's involvement.
4. Glow-In-The-Dark Pigs
From chickens and tobacco plants to rats, several animals had been genetically mutated to glow within the dark, however, the weirdest one was the pigs.In 2006, National Taiwan University's Department of Animal Science and Technology additional genetic data from jellyfish into pig embryos. The result was 3 pigs that glowed within the dark with a fluorescent inexperienced lightweight. however not simply their skins: the scientists aforementioned their organs glowed!
5. Project QKHILLTOP
In 1954, the CIA's Project QKHILLTOP was created to check Chinese indoctrination techniques and to develop effective strategies of interrogation. Most of the first studies square measure believed to possess been performed by the University Medical School's demography study programs, beneath the direction of Dr. Harold Wolff. Wolff requested that the Central Intelligence Agency give him any info they might notice concerning "threats, coercion, imprisonment, deprivation, humiliation, torture, 'brainwashing,' 'black psychopathology,' and mental state, or any combination of those, with or while not chemical agents." in keeping with Wolff, the analysis team would then:
“...assemble, collate, analyze and assimilate this info and can then undertake experimental investigations designed to develop new techniques of offensive/defensive intelligence use ... doubtless helpful secret medicine (and numerous brain damaging procedures) are going to be equally tested so as to establish the basic impact upon the human brain operate and upon the subject's mood ... wherever any of the studies involve potential hurt of the topic, we tend to expect the Agency to form on the market appropriate subjects and a correct place for the performance of the mandatory experiments.”